For almost seven years, one of the main people in the banking system of Russia is a citizen of France Vasily Pozdyshev, who holds the post of deputy chairman and a member of the board of directors of the Central Bank of Russia. Under him, banking regulation has become a giant business, bringing billions of rubles. And we are not talking about deductions to the Bank of Russia, but about the personal incomes of Pozdyshev and his entourage. Burned dozens of banks that do not fit into the Pozdyshev system, or "under the order" - if anyone needs the assets of the owners of credit institutions. The state is "hit" by trillions of rubles, paid to depositors of banks that have lost their licenses. Behind all this is Pozdyshev. Who is this person? Where did he come from? Rutelegraf.com conducted a large-scale investigation into the CBR's deputy headquarters and begins to introduce its readers to it.
Vasily Pozdyshev was born in the city of Gorky (Nizhny Novgorod) in the family of "secret" scientist Anatoly Pozdyshev. Pozdyshev-senior since 1952 he worked at the Aviation Building Plant named after. S. Ordzhonikidze (now JSC NAZ Sokol), which produced supersonic fighters MiG-21, interceptors (at a speed of 3000 km / h) MiG-25, heavy long-range interceptor MiG-31, combat training MiG-29UB, e. From 1977 until the middle of the 2000s, Anatoly Ivanovich almost "did not get out" of foreign business trips, helping to develop military aircraft for foreigners. In the 1970s and 1980s it was India, where Pozdyshev Sr. was the head of Soviet specialists. In the 90s-2000s it was Iran, where Anatoly Ivanovich was a consultant. What the terms "head of Soviet specialists" and "consultant" mean for work on the line of defense industry in foreign countries-it is not necessary to explain especially. According to rutelegraf.com sources, this is either a scientist and at the same time a personnel officer of the KGB of the USSR (FSB of the Russian Federation), or a scientist very closely cooperating with this special service. On business trips Pozdyshev-senior went with his family, including Vasily.
What is most interesting, Vasily Anatolyevich in general, seems to be doing now is not his own business. In his heart he is a "consultant" of the defense industry with all the following details. Otherwise, how to explain the appearance in 2012 of scientific work (published, including in a number of foreign journals) about the experimental work "on the production of a protective helmet shell 4 mm thick in full-scale size from armored aluminum (BTA) and titanium alloy VT14 ". And the authors of the work are Anatoly Ivanovich and Vasili Anatolyevich Pozdyshev. And this despite the fact that Basil has the education of an economist. But it's also in armored aluminum, it turns out. Or is it, after all, his co-authorship fiction, which is necessary to have scientific work in a foreign language in "luggage"?
As Rutelegraf.com found out, Pozdyshev Sr. (now teaches at the Institute of Industrial Engineering Technologies of the Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University) had many connections in the academic environment, in the Ministry of Defense, also the KGB, so it is not surprising that he attached his son Vasily to the economic Faculty of Moscow State University. By the way, his graduate is the current head of Vasily Pozdyshev Elvira Nabiullina. Basil got on the economics in a very interesting period and already then he began to acquire the necessary connections. His classmates were one of the main liberals in the Russian government Arkady Dvorkovich and one of the main sponsors of the liberals - the head of the "Summa" group Ziyavudin Magomedov, with whom Pozdyshev fell in on a student bench. Together they very insistently demanded the abolition of such an object as the history of the CPSU. Which, however, is not surprising. It was the economist of the sample of the 90s (Pozdyshev graduated from the faculty in 1994) was part of the influence of the Yeltsin era reformers, primarily Yegor Gaidar (also a graduate of the economics department). Also, the faculty was loved by the advisers of these reformers from abroad. In the United States, Great Britain and France, then, they did not conceal that they are searching for young people for their special programs to create managerial personnel for the countries that are part of their special interests, to which Russia, first of all, also belonged. Especially reputable students then went to improve their skills abroad. So, Arkady Dvorkovich went to Duke University in North Carolina after the end of the economics. Duke University is known as the "smithy" of pro-American cadres, then returning to their homeland. And Vasily Pozdyshev moved to the University of Paris-Dauphine (or Paris IX), which characterizes the fact that he is located in the building of the former headquarters of NATO. According to rutelegraf.com, a year later, in 1995, Basil received the first position in France as a specialist in the planning and control department of Compagnie Bancaire (part of the Groupe Paribas).However, it was clearly not a desire to get a "competent" specialist, but an internship before a more serious mission. For which, in fact, and sought out promising personnel at the Faculty of Economics of Moscow State University. Already in 1997 Pozdyshev returned to his homeland as the head of the mission for the development of credit and insurance activities in Russia, a specialist of the Development Directorate of Groupe Paribas SFS. Moreover, Vasily is in Moscow in a very interesting period, shortly before the default, to which the French banks had a direct relationship.
So, "Credit Agricole Indosuez" was one of the largest foreign participants in the Russian GKO pyramid. By May 1998, the GKOs accounted for approximately 50% of its portfolio. Actively played in the GKO market and Paribas, whose employee at that time was Pozdyshev. At the same time, Western buyers purchased T-bills only if the Russian side insured them with deposits in banks located abroad. That is, they did not risk anything.
Paribas also had other earnings from Russian finances. From the shadow, which were removed from Russia in the 90's. In the Swiss branch of the French "Paribas" had accounts: the Geneva "Vitol SA" (associated with the export of "Chechen" oil), the Dublin "Danton Trading Ltd" (operations for buying grain in Kazakhstan in the quota for Russian oil), "ITERA International Energy "(Itera Holding, Energo Handels AG (Zug) (operations for the redistribution of export earnings for Russian gas outside the borders of the Russian territory), as well as the firm of Israeli citizen Arkady Gaydamak, who supplied arms to Angola in exchange for oil.
And in 1997 Pozdysheva is sent to Moscow with a mission to develop credit and insurance activities in Russia. At the same time, simultaneously, Paribas is preparing a report that it is impossible to invest money in Russia because of the "insolvency of the Russian state to enforce laws and rights to property and contracts."
According to rutelegraf.com, soon after the appearance of Pozdyshev in Russia, the IMF and the US authorities decided to allocate a special package of assistance to Russia in the amount of $ 24 billion. The first tranche of $ 4.6 billion was received. The IMF transferred this money not to the Ministry of Finance, as usual, but for some reason the Central Bank. $ 1 billion from the tranche of the IMF from the account of the Central Bank nevertheless entered the account of the Ministry of Finance. This was enough for the Ministry of Finance to repay only one week issue of T-bills, interest rates on which rose in nominal terms from 20% to 160%. Recall that the major holder of GKO, and accordingly the recipient of this money, were French banks, including Paribas.
Remaining at the disposal of the Central Bank $ 3.6 billion were distributed among commercial banks, whose leaders had a special relationship with Anatoly Chubais and Sergei Dubinin. These funds went to banks directly, bypassing the foreign exchange market, thus the exchange rate of the ruble was not supported. The list of banks has names that rattled at that time: Inkombank, Most, SBS-Agro, Rossiyskiy Kredit.
Then came the default of 1998, which was preceded by the activities of the Russian government according to a plan developed by Stanley Fischerkumir of all these graduates of the economics department of the 90s. Suffered from the default primarily ordinary citizens of Russia, which either completely lost their means, or they depreciated. Foreign players on T-bills, including Paribas, almost did not suffer. Actually, to trace this to Russia and sent Pozdyshev. And at the same time, and establish new contacts with an interesting and rich clientele. In particular, after a business trip to Moscow, thanks to Vasily's efforts, the new Yukos company, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, became the new major client of Paribas.
Shortly after the default Pozdyshev returned to France, and immediately went on to raise. He was appointed vice president of Cetelem SA (part of the Groupe Paribas). Vasily returned from Moscow not empty-handed. He found himself a companion of life. According to rutelegraf.com, she became Love Lyudmila Dudareva, an economist at the planning department of Yukos Oil Company, which, following Basil, flew to France. In 2003, the couple had twin Sophie and Marie.
And this is not the only success of Pozdyshev's trip to Russia. In 1998, the company "Afros-Export Company" appeared in Moscow, the founders of which were three friends from Nizhny Novgorod - Vasily Pozdyshev, Leonid Sokolov, Anatoly Polyakov. There was one more founder in the firm, which obviously did not fit into this campaign. It's about Muscovite Nikolai Sokolov, who became the face and CEO of LLC. And, it seems, nominal. Since the rest of the founders generally tried in no way to officially "shine" in connection with this firm. The very same Nikolai Sokolov personality does not pull on the head of a serious enterprise. In 1995, he was tried under Article 122 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR (malicious evasion of payment of alimony). In 2004, one more case was initiated against him by the Internal Affairs Directorate in the Dorogomilovo district. Sokolov ordered a banquet in the restaurant "Sudar" on Kutuzov Avenue, and after the event ran away without paying.
Also he is listed as an anicreditor in the lists of a number of banks (including Alfa-Bank and Rosbank), as a person who received insignificant loans and stopped paying them. Here such cheerful partner was at present замглавы the Central Bank of the Russian Federation in the late nineties - the beginning of 2000th years.
As for "Afros-export company (it was liquidated, by the way, only in 2016), it openly offered money laundering and ... theft of budget funds. As Rutelegraf.com found out, LLC declared itself as a major player in the export market to Latin America. But on the old Afros-Export website you can find the following suggestions: a private and confidential financial solution in countries such as Panama and Belize, a well-known offshore company. Is it convenient to provide confidential financial services when your co-founder is the vice-president of a large European bank with branches in a variety of countries?
Moreover, Afros-Export made very strange financial transactions, not officially conducting any foreign economic activity. So, in 2000, LLC signed an agreement with the authorities of Costa Rica to replace the taxi fleet of 5,000 vehicles, the construction of 2 terminals for the storage of liquefied gas, the construction of two production facilities in Kaliningrad and Panama, etc. And a special bias was made that all this grandiose project, more reminiscent of the Ostap Bender project to create a chess capital in New Vasyuki, will be realized through the Free Zone of Panama and investors will be exempt from taxes. Large sums were scrolled through the Afros-Export project, but no cars were installed, no terminals appeared. But Vasily Pozdyshev did not stop there. In February 2000, Aros-Export sends a letter to the acting CEO. President Vladimir Putin with the request to assist in the promotion of the project "Export of Russian industry". "To fulfill the project ... we are counting on targeted support in the framework of the government's allocation to the Russian exporters of the established limit of state aid in the amount of $ 400 million (for the export of civilian products) for a period of one year or for $ 500,000 gratis". The stylistics of the letter, and the situation in February 2000, clearly said that Putin himself would not read it. We can assume that there was already an agreement with someone to receive this money and it was necessary only that the letter from the office of the new head of state be dropped in the profile department with a request to study or investigate.
According to rutelegraf.com, already in April 2000, a letter was sent to Afros-Export signed by the head of the Department of the Ministry of Trade of the Russian Federation Igor Korotin, that the firm "will receive the necessary credit support in the requested amount, on an interest-free basis."
All this money through the company Pozdysheva safely left the Russian budget abroad and never returned to the state treasury.
By the way, the signer of the letter on the "positive decision" - Igor Korotin - is now the Director of the Department of Exhibition, Fair and Congress Activity of the RF CCI, a member of the Board of Directors and one of the first persons of the company "Expocenter". In turn, Expocenter owns 24.50% of the bank "Peresvet", which is ruined, with which Pozdyshev is now worn, as with a "written baggage". For the rehabilitation of Peresvet, the CBR, with the active participation of Pozdyshev, decided to spend a record amount of 66.7 billion rubles.
To be continued