Simanovsky Leonid Yakovlevich

September 12, 2011 Simanovskiy took the position of the chairman of the Bank of Russia, replacing Gennady Melikyan, which has left his post in the same month. Also Simanovskiy headed Oversight Committee, whose function is to address issues of granting and revoking of banking licenses., 2011



Born July 19, 1949 in Kuibyshev (now - Samara).

Candidate of Economic Sciences

1994-1995 - Director of Joint Stock Company Trust Company "Novotrast"

1995-1996 - president (chairman of the board) of the commercial bank "Solidarity" (Samara)

1996-1997 - Vice-President of OAO "Oil Company" YUKOS»

1997-1998 - member of the Joint Board of "Yukos" - "FAI"

Since March 1997 - Member of the Board of Directors of "Yuganskneftebank".

1997-1999 was a member of the Board, Chairman of the Board of Directors of JSC "Volga Oil Tanker Company "Volgotanker"

Since April 1998 he was a member of the Board of Directors of Menatep bank

Since March 1998 he was a member of the Board of Directors of JSC "Yuganskneftegaz"

In May 1998 he was a member of the Board of Directors of OJSC "Lipetsknefteprodukt", a member of the Board of Directors of CJSC "ESCWA", member of the Board of Directors of OJSC "Penzanefteprodukt", Chairman of the Board of Directors of OJSC "Samaraneftegaz"

Since June 1998 - Member of the Supervisory Board of CJSC CB "Solidarity", Deputy  Chairman of the Board, First Deputy Head of Regional Relations of CJSC "Rosprom". Member of the Board of Directors of CJSC "Rosprom"

Since September, 1998 - First Vice President - Head of Regional Business Development of CJSC "YUKOS EP", then to 2001 - the first vice-president of regional and personnel policy of CJSC "YUKOS EP"

Since June 7, 2000, he was a member of the Board of Directors of OJSC "Eastern Oil Company" ("VNK"). He was a deputy chairman of the board on personnel matters and regional policy of "YUKOS-Moscow"

2000-2002 - Member of the Board of Directors of OJSC "Khimprom" (Novocheboksarsk)

December 7, 2003 elected to the State Duma

Since December 2007 - Deputy of the State Duma; elected on a federal list of candidates nominated by the All-Russian political party "United Russia". A member of the faction "United Russia". First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Energy

In February 2006, "Finance" magazine estimated Simanovskiy financial state at 425 million dollars (92-th place in Russia). According to data, released in May 2010 on the website of the State Duma, Simanovskiy officially turned up the richest deputy: In 2009, he earned 1 billion 184 million rubles. His property was a large plot of land, a house, an apartment and a car "Mercedes S500»

He is married and has a daughter (Sofia and Svetlana)


Simanovskiy is married on Svetlana Simanovskaya, for in 2011, according to mass media, she held the position of Deputy Chairman of the Board of СJSC "Bank" New Symbol". Colleagues of Simanovskiy told "Vedomosti" that he tries to spend more time with his wife and children - they had four., 2011


Lawmaking activity:

The bill № 196344-4

On Amendments to Chapter 25 of the part two of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation


Sent to the relevant committee

The bill № 361714-4

On Amending of the Federal Law "On Protection of Lake Baikal" (in terms of determining the water protection zone of Lake Baikal)


The Council of the State Duma (first reading)

Appointed an Executive Committee

The bill № 66299-5

On hunting and on the conservation of hunting resources, and on amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation





In 1995 Simanovskiy founded a bank "Solidarity" in Novokuibyshevsk.

Source: "" from 24.05.2005


In May 1996, Simanovskiy, as President of the Samara Bank "Solidarity", joined the Board of Directors of JSC "Samaraneftegaz" together with the other six members of Yukos. This organizational change consolidated the dominance of Yukos in "Samaraneftegaz." In addition, the powers of the new Board of Directors expanded: added the right to appoint the general director.

Source: "Kommersant» № 80 (1038) on 17.05.1996


After the company "Samaraneftegaz" came under the control of Yukos, "Solidarity" has become a pocket bank of Khodorkovsky Empire. Simanovskiy was promoted to vice president of Yukos for this and held senior positions in the affiliated structures.

"" from 24.05.2005


In 1997, Simanovskiy, as a representative of Menatep group, took place in the Board of Directors of OJSC "Volgotanker", and was elected its chairman.

Source: "Kommersant» № 59 (1241) on 24.04.1997


After YUKAS had, a control of JSC "Yuganskneftegaz", taxes almost stopped coming to the city budget of Nefteyugansk, instead of money the company offered Menatep illiquid promissory notes or a different property. Residents who do not receive a salary, began to hold meetings spontaneously, to block the road, trying to storm the office of the company. After this Simanovskiy and Mikhail Khodorkovsky came to Nefteyugansk and distributed to state employees 30 million rubles, which, however, did not affect the debt repayment schedule. Only after Simanovskiy resigned from Yukos, the city began to recover. Tatyana Shevtsova, who led at the time of the financial management of the City Hall of Nefteyugansk, in the trial of the former head of the economic security department of YUKOS Aleksey Pichugin, who was accused of the murder of the Nefteyugansk mayor Vladimir Petukhov, linked the murder of the mayor with his confrontation with Yukos.

"Kommersant» № 96 (3427) on 31.05.2006


Petukhov was shot on his way to work in summer 1998. Ten days before he went on hunger strike, demanding to initiate a criminal case on the fact of concealment of taxes by Yukos. At the trial in the Moscow City Court, Widow Petukhova Farida Ismailova said that shareholders from Yukos came to Nefteyugansk to decide the issues of interaction with the mayor, including Simanovskiy. Once, she said, the head of Yukos department for cooperation with the regions, Yuri Kopanev brought Petukhov ф diplomat with dollars from Simanovskiy, but he did not take it.

"Kommersant" № 50 (3867) on 27.03.2008


In December 2000, Simanovskiy with the former chairman of the Samara regional council Viktor Tarhov made a presentation of the chemical holding "Khimpromindustria", created on the basis of Novocheboksarsk JSC "Khimprom" and of Togliatti "Phosphorus." But things of the holding have evolved not in the best way at the same time. Before that, in September Tarhov received in trust 25.5% of shares of JSC "Khimprom", and 24.59% of the stake of the company has received "Dekort", which was created with the participation of the bank "Solidarity", one of the founders of which was Simanovskiy. Thereafter Tarhov and Simanovskiy bought "Phosphorus", but failed to bring its stake to a controlling one - the majority of shares bought Tolyatti Company "A-tex", the CEO of which was Irina Handel. Tarhov tried to hold an extraordinary meeting of shareholders to put his men into the board of directors, but the meeting was disrupted, and Handel said that she will not give the company up, and the idea of a chemical holding based on "Phosphorus" belongs to her. After that Simanovskiy and Tarkhov have difficulties with "Khimprom": the legitimacy of the transfer of its state actions has been questioned. At the same time, a claim of a minority shareholder Kutina was sent to Ramenskiy City Court, who demanded to arrest the shares of the company, and it was done.

"Kommersant» № 238 (2123) on 20.12.2000


In addition, it was found that about 15% of "Khimprom" belonged to the Moscow publisher Oleg Mitvol, the chairman of the board of the newspaper "Novye Izvestiya". It had succeeded to redeem them, but not immediately, Mitvol agreed to sell them only in 2001. Thus, the shareholders of both companies fiercely resisted the expansion of Simanovskiy and Tarkhov. But by the summer of 2001, they were able to establish control over the "Khimprom" and divide the spheres of influence on "Phosphorus".

Magazine "Power" № 36 (438) from 11.09.2001


Simanovskiy, actively developing optimal financing schemes of the Group Menatep-Yukos, could well join the ranks of involved in the famous case of Yukos. However his parliamentary immunity rescued him.

Source: "Russian News" on 12.11.2003


Yukos was a very influential company, which actively fought against the current government. When its owners decided to sell the company to one of the major US oil companies, ExxonMobil and ChevronTexaco, Russia could lose control of their oil and gas fields. However, the plans were violated with the arrest of Yukos head Mikhail Khodorkovsky.

Solomin on 10.09.2007


In 2001, Simanovskiy decided to retire from Khodorkovsky. , He explained him the reasons of his decision with the desire to start their own businesses. After that, in 2003, an old friend of Simanovskiy Leonid Michelson gave him a chair of the chairman of the board of directors of Novatek Company and a stake in the business.

Solomin on 10.09.2007


In 2002 Simanovskiy became the richest State Duma deputy with an income of 113 million rubles and five land parcels.

Source: "" from 24.05.2005


For many years, the activities of Simanovskiy supported Vice Governor of YaNAD Joseph Levinsohn. Thanks to him, Novatek gets the best deposits and became the leader of independent gas producers.

"Russian News" on 12.11.2003


NOVATEK was established initially with the support of the regional leadership, in particular, of the Vice-Governor of YaNAD Joseph Levinson. Most likely, the reason for Levinson interest in Novatek prosperity lay in the fact that one of the shareholders of the holding company was LLC "Levit", officially owned by multimillionaire Leonid Michelson, but many unscrambled it as "Levinsohn and comrades." Levinsohn helped Simanovskiy to privatize the company "Purneftegasgeologia", first promising to the subsidiary of company "Gazprom" "Zapsibgazprom" a package of its shares in exchange for investments. The money had been received, but the shares have not given. Then Levinson spent an additional emission of the company, and then sold his controlling stake to Novatek. And to make assets more difficult to return, NOVATEK reorganized "Purneftegasgeologia", creating a few companies from it, and passing to offshore shares of participating. Levinsohn also assured the representatives of "Gazprom", that it is unprofitable to participate in the development of Yurkharovskoye deposit, after that Novatek established control upon it. Deposit turned out to be extremely profitable, and Levinsohn always known about it. "Gazprom" has made repeated attempts to recover assets of NOVOTEK to the state. In 2003, the head of the company Alexey Miller appealed to the arbitration court to invalidate the additional emission of shares of "Purneftegasgeologia". While the claim was considered in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, it didn't move from the spot. But as soon as it was redirected in Tyumen, the court seized the remains of the company's property.

"" from 24.05.2005


In 2005, the prosecutor's office of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District starts proceedings of the withdrawal of assets and conceal of profits by NOVATEK shareholders. A criminal case was initiated against the general director of "non-profit organization" Foundation for Development of Yamal" of Marksmira Kim, who owned a 5.6% stake in the company. According to investigators, his organization has been used by Levinsohn for pumping oil and gas assets of the companies of Cyprus offshore SWGI, which became the owner of 40% stake of Novatek. Levinsohn, using his position, was imposing the shares of "the Development Fund of Yamal" to companies, expanding and transferring to the offshore and it made a profit through it. In September 2004, Franco-Belgian concern Total intends to acquire a 25% of NOVATEK shares. However, the FAS have not approved the deal, as Novatek was reorganizing at that time and the structure of the company has not been completed.

"" from 24.05.2005


In summer 2005, Levinsohn went on vacation, and actually retire. Some thought that in such a way he is trying to bring Novatek from the blow of law enforcement agencies before the intended deployment of the company's shares on the London Stock Exchange. Thereafter Simanovskiy and other owners of Novatek began to try to sell assets in parts, because without supervision of Levinson, the company's business could go much worse. from 04.07.2005


In 2009 it started the confrontation of defenders of Utrish reserve place on the Black Sea coast and prospective developers. The construction of the road Utrish-Sukko that threatened thickets of relict trees has begun. Land for the construction of the road was allocated to a certain fund of non-commercial regional projects "Dar" with an office in Moscow. The founder of "Dar" - is LLC "Levit" of Michelson and Simanovskiy.

"Interlocutor" on 03.02.2009


In 2010 Simanovskiy get in the list of the Public Chamber, which includes the most hard-core truants in the State Duma. After his name, in connection with this list appeared in mass media, Simanovskiy reformed and stopped skipping.

"Vedomosti" on 03.06.2010


According to data released in May 2010 on the website of the State Duma, Simanovskiy officially appeared to be the richest deputy: In 2009, he earned 1 billion 184 million rubles. His property was a large plot of land, a house, an apartment and a car "Mercedes S500».

As of 2011 Simanovskiy owned shares in the company "Domstroyinvest", OJSC "First United Bank", OJSC "Novatek", OJSC "RJSC" Rosneftegazstroy ", CJSC "Mining Company "Vertex", LLC "Levit" and CJSC "Yukoyltrast" .

According to data provided by the CEC, he earned 267.6 million rubles in 2011, a year earlier - 344.8 million rubles.

According to the newspaper "Vedomosti", Simanovskiy owns real estate in Cyprus.

Wikipedia 2011


Once Leonid Simanovskiy was a vice president of Yukos, and even rumored that he gets to the Duma, in 2003, with the effort of Khodorkovsky. But, unlike many of his former colleagues, ex-oilman is so good in everything now that he not only retains his previous companies, but also acquires new. Thus, in recent years, shares of LLC "Levit" appeared at Simanovskiy. - According to the documents, "Levit" exactly is the founder of the Fund "DAR", which began a construction in the Black Sea reserve "Big Utrish" a few years ago, - explained the "Interlocutor" an ecologist Maria Ruzina. It is assumed that in the Utrish under the guise of "sports and recreation center" is being built another residence of the President, and the deputy's status, you see, is modestly fading before the president.

Interlocutor, 10.09.2012


The most popular type of property at deputies is still the real estate, but not all policies have a home on the motherland - 26 public servants or their families have a house or a plot of land abroad. The most popular countries, in which Russian politicians acquire square meters, are Switzerland, Cyprus, Bulgaria, France, Spain, Montenegro, and USA. Foreign Real Estate is also often formed on the wives or minor children. For example, the wife of Nikolai Valuev has a house in Spain and two apartments in Germany, apartment in the US is registered on the wife of Vladislav Reznik ("United Russia"), and the wife of Leonid Simanovskiy («United Russia"), owns real estate in Cyprus. There are officials, who declared the property in exotic locations at all: Deputy Michael Slipenchuk owns a land plot in Congo.

AIF, 04/16/2013

Moscow. May 19. INTERFAX.RU - Historic electric station in the center of Moscow HPP-2, which has been bought by the structure of Leonid Michelson, will stop working in the current year. Further plans of the company for the property are still unknown.

... As reported, the customer of station was LLC "Levit", the main owners are the shareholders of "Novatek" Leonid Michelson (78.29%) and Leonid Simanovskiy (21.71%), it follows from the database "SPARK-Interfax". They paid to OJSC "Mosenergo" 1.7 billion rubles for the station.

Interfax, 05.19.2015